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Map, United States, Travelers, J. Calvin Smith, New York, 1846

$1,500

John Calvin Smith (1809-1890) (artist and engraver)
A New Map for Travelers Through the United States of America
from The Illustrated Hand-book for Travelers through the United States
Sherman & Smith, New York: 1846
Engraving with outline color
21.5 x 27.25 inches
$1,500

A highly detailed mid 19th century map of the United States from the East Coast to Midwestern territories east of the Rockies. A variety of inset maps are incorporated including a map of the far west. State boundaries are highlighted with original outline color in red, blue, green, orange, and yellow. State capitals, “shire towns,” and villages are marked with different symbols according to an explanatory key on the right. Distances of road segments are noted as numbers and there is a mileage scale beneath the key. Towns, rivers, and the transportation network of railroads, canals, and stage roads are indicated. Finely engraved vignette engravings show a Native American couple beside an expanse of water and waterfall (upper left), New York Harbor with Castle Garden (upper right), tourists visiting Niagara Falls (lower right), and small illustrations of a steamship and a locomotive on one of inset maps. The map overall is enclosed by a decorative border of stylized plant forms, embellished in the lower margin with the American flag and shield. This map was originally a foldout map from the 1846 edition of Smith’s popular illustrated travelers’ guide to the United States, first published that year. Smith published editions of this popular guide, each of which contained the foldout map of the United States, with updates, in 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, and 1856.

Product description continues below.

Description

An inset map at the top shows rail and canal routes in Upstate New York between Albany and Buffalo. Other inset maps along the right side show New England and Northeast rail routes and the course of the Hudson River from New York City to Albany. The map captures the rapidly growing transportation network of roads, trains, and canals linking the East Coast with the Great Lakes region and other states east of the Mississippi. An inset “Map of Oregon, Northern California, Santa Fé &c.” reflects interest in these remote western regions among Americans. “California” includes current Nevada and Utah, “Oregon” includes the entire Pacific Northwest. These regions, the Upper Midwest, and areas west of the Mississippi are labeled with the names of the predominant Native American tribes.

Sherman & Smith was an American map publishing firm based in New York City from 1840 to 1853 It was a partnership between the engraver George E. Sherman (born 1810/11) and the surveyor, geographer, and engraver John Calvin Smith (1809-1890). They produced many maps and engravings for government publications, such as the official records of the 1838-1842 United States Exploring Expedition. They also produced maps for the Army Corps of Engineers and New York State Geological Survey, along with U.S. coastal surveys and railroad maps. Sherman worked as an engraver in New York from 1840 until at least 1860. Smith began working in New York in 1835. He was a charter member of the American Geographical Society. Sherman & Smith sometimes published as Stiles, Sherman & Smith in collaboration with the engraver Samuel Stiles (1796-1861). John Calvin Smith also worked with other cartographers and publishers including John Disturnell and J.H. Colton, and published  maps under his own name.

Full Title: A New Map for Travelers Throughout the United States of America Showing the Railroads, Canals & Stage Roads, with the Distances

Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear, handling. Formerly a folding travelers map with folds as issued, now professionally flattened and backed with Japanese paper. With some remaining minor wear, discoloration, losses at folds and intersections. Margins short as issued. Original covers lacking.

References:

“A New Map for Travelers through the United States of America Showing the Railroads, Canals and Stage Roads, 1846.” World Digital Library. 28 October 2014. https://www.wdl.org/en/item/9559/ (5 October 2020).

Groce, George C. and Wallace, David H. The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1564-1860. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969. pp. 575-576, 588.

Peters, Harry T. America on Stone. U.S.: Doubleday, Doran, 1931. pp. 181, 325.

Additional information

Century

19th Century