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View, Virginia, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Civil War, Edward Sachse, Antique Lithograph Print, 1862

Edward Sachse (1804-1873) (artist and lithographer)
Views of Norfolk and Portsmouth from the U.S. Naval Hospital
Bohn, Washington, D.C. and Old Point Comfort, Virginia: 1862
Hand-colored lithograph
8.75 x 16.5 inches, image
12.25 x 18.75 inches, overall

View of the harbor at Hampton Roads, Virginia, with the U.S. Naval Hospital in Portsmouth lower right, and the city of Norfolk across the harbor in the distance. This print modifies the main view of an earlier print of the same subject that Sachse published in 1851 under his own imprint with two smaller panoramic views of the Gosport Navy Yard and Old Point Comfort beneath it. In 1862, the Civil War was underway and the Union Army had occupied the region. Reflecting these events and likely intending to serve a burgeoning market for patriotic prints, Sachse modified his original drawing to replace civilian ships with U.S. Navy warships. Casimir Bohn’s involvement in the print’s production apparently was in a marketing role. The Hampton Roads Naval Museum has a copy of this rare print in its collection.

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Description

Edward Sachse was a German-born lithographer and painter who emigrated with his family to Baltimore in the late 1840s. He and his brother Theodore founded the lithography firm Sachse and Company there in 1851 and were joined in 1860 by William Sachse. They specialized in accurate depictions of urban landscapes and buildings in Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C., often as bird’s-eye views. During the Civil War they also produced military and naval views. The firm was active until the 1870s.

Full publication information: Published by C. Bohn 568 Penn. Av. Washington, D.C. & Old Point Comfort, Va. Entered according to Act of Congress A.D. 1862 by C. Bohn in the Clerks Office of the District of Columbia. Lith. by E. Sachse & Co. Balto.

Condition:  Generally very good, recently professionally cleaned and deacidified, with only light remaining toning, handling, and wear.

References:

“1862 ‘Views of Norfolk and Portsmouth’ Engraving.” Hampton Roads Naval Museum. 14 May 2012. https://hamptonroadsnavalmuseum.blogspot.com/2012/05/1862-views-of-norfolk-and-portsmouth.html (2 November 2021).

Groce, George C. and Wallace, David H. The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1564-1860. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969. p. 554.

Reps, John William. Views and Viewmakers of Urban America. University of Missouri Press,1984. 4118.

“Views of Norfolk and Portsmouth From the Marine Hospital.” Encyclopedia Virginia. https://encyclopediavirginia.org/6388-2ba2757644a0f99/ (2 November 2021).

Additional information

Century

19th Century