The Duchess de Chaulnes (1718-87) is portrayed as Hebe, the Greek goddess of youth and cupbearer to the gods. She is seated on a cloud against the sky holding a small jug, while an eagle looks over her shoulder. Nattier made another portrait of the duchess as Hebe (1744) along with a companion piece portraying her husband the Duke de Chaulnes as Hercules (1746), who was married to Hebe; both those paintings are in the collection of the Louvre in Paris (see References below).
Marie-Louise-Therese-Victoire de France (1733-1799), daughter of Louis XV, is depicted as the personifcation of water, seated near a riverbank in a flowing blue gown, her arm resting on an elaborately decorated jug pouring water. Her sister Adelaide was similarly portrayed by Nattier as “Flora,” or Flowers, a painting that is in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence (see References below). Marie-Louise-Therese-Victoire was born at Versailles, one of seven children of King Louis XV and his wife Maria Leszczynska, daughter of the King of Poland. A gifted musician, she participated in musical salons organized by her older sister. The sisters were forced to flee Paris when their nephew, Louis XVI, was deposed during the French Revolution.
Painter and pastel artist Jean-Marc Nattier was a Rococo painter belonging to a French family of painters and engravers. He established a reputation at a young age and led a successful enough career producing fashionable portraits of the royal family and aristocrats in Paris that he turned down offers of positions at the Académie de France in Rome and at the Russian court of Peter the Great. His portraits are in major museums all over the world, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Louvre, Versailles, and the Hermitage in Russia.
Réné Galliard (also known as Robert) was a French printmaker.
Kren, Emil and Daniel Marx. “Nattier, Jean-Marc (Henriette of France as Flora).” Web Gallery of Art. http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/n/nattier/index.html (16 June 2010).
“La Duchess de Chaulnes, Representée en Hébé.” Base Joconde. http://www.culture.gouv.fr/Wave/image/joconde/0002/m503604_81ee1249_p.jpg (16 June 2010).
“Le Duc de Chaulnes, Representé en Hercule.” Base Joconde. http://www.culture.gouv.fr/Wave/image/joconde/0002/m503604_90ee1548_p.jpg (16 June 2010).