Geographical entities are shaded in faded shades of green and tan; land masses are outlined in dark blue-green. Mountain ranges are indicated by light brown hatch marks. The cartouche notes that dotted lines indicate “Principal Shipping Routes with distances in Nautical Miles” and solid lines indicate “Principal Transcontinental Railways.” “Principal Air Mail Routes” are also indicated in the cartouche.
Istanbul with “Constantinople” in parentheses is shown, indicating a date soon after 1930, when the name change occurred. In addition, the globe shows Northern Territory in Australia, as having replaced Central Territory — a change that occurred in 1931. Manchuria has been stamped “Manchukuo,” as it was known after the Japanese invaded the area and established a puppet state in 1932. The stamp likely was added shortly after the globe gores were printed These geographical notations suggest that the globe was issued c. 1932-35.
Clocks are well suited to be combined with globes because world time is based on the full rotation of the earth once every 24 hours. A number of Continental, English, and American globes were made incorporating a clock mechanism, to not only show relative time around the world, but to keep time for the user of the globe. The time of day or night on the earth varies with longitude location. There are 24 time zones in the world. Generally globes are divided into 24 longitudinal lines, each 15 degrees apart. It takes the earth one hour to turn each 15 degrees, and in 24 hours it has completely turned once. To use the clock globe, one turns the globe so that the place of use corresponds to the correct time on the 24-four hour dial. Local time for any place in the world then can calculated and the globe position will be kept accurate as it turns by clockwork.
R. Newey is a several-generation family clock business in York, England, known for restoration of historical important clocks and church bells. The company is still in business today as R. Newey & Son.
George Philip & Son began as a map and atlas publisher in Liverpool, England in 1834. In 1902, the firm relocated to London and emerged as one of the major globe producers of the 20th century. Read more in our Guide to Globe Makers.
Brass Drum Inscribed: R. Newey YORK Fecit 1918
Oval Cartouche on Globe: PHILIPS’/ CHALLENGE GLOBE/ Diameter 12 inches/ [вЂ¦] LONDON/ GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE/ GEORGE PHILIP & SON LTD 32 FLEET STREET/ Printed in Great Britain