Historical notes are also indicated in the oceans, such as discovery dates of various islands and that, “The Pacific Ocean was discovered by Balboa in 1513. First navigated by Magellan in 1520. It extends from North to South 7,500 miles and from East to West 10,000 miles.” An extensive note on the South Pacific islands explains: “Formerly the whole of the Islands in the S.E. and E. of Asia were included among the Asiatic Islands. With the exception of [several listed] they are now considered as forming a fifth ground division of the Globe called OCEANICA or the MARITIME WORLD, which is divided into three principal groups, namely, Malaysia [details listed], Australasia [details listed], and Polynesia [details listed].”
Franklin Globes were produced throughout the second half of the 19th century in Troy, New York, by a succession of globe makers and booksellers: Merriam & Moore (c. 1848-52), Merriam Moore & Co. (1852-58), Moore & Nims (1858-68), H.B. Nims & Co. (1869-85), Nims & Knight (1886-89), and back to H.B. Nims & Co. (1890-96). They were available in the six, ten, twelve, sixteen, and thirty-inch diameters, with a variety of bases, generally in iron or wood and often reflecting the prevailing Victorian decorative arts style of the period.
This globe has an H.B. Nims & Co. printed cartouche. Based on the fact that Dacota is shown as one territory, it was most likely published before H.B. Nims & Co. was renamed Nims & Knight (before it later reverted to the name H.B. Nims & Co. in the 1890s). Nims & Knight globes showed North Dakota and South Dakota (based on an example previously sold by George Glazer Gallery).
Circular Cartouche: THE FRANKLIN/ TERRESTRIAL/ GLOBE/ 12 INCHES IN DIAMETER CONTAINING ALL THE/ Geographical Divisions/ & POLITICAL BOUNDARIES/ to the present date/ Carefully Compiled from the best Authorities/ H.B. NIMS & CO./ TROY N.Y./ Rae Smith Engraver/ N.Y.
Condition: Generally very good, recently professionally restored and revarnished, with the usual remaining expected light toning, wear and restorations to minor scattered cracks and abrasions. Overall retains a golden antique tone with bright colors. Stand generally very good with the usual wear.
Catalogue of School, Family and Library Globes, Dictionary, Holders, Library and Stationery Specialties. Troy, New York: H.B. Nims & Company, 1895-96, p. 3.
Dekker, Elly and van der Krogt, Peter. Globes from the Western World. London: Zwemmer, 1993. p. 135-36, 140.
Glover, Bill. “History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy Cable Timeline: 1845-1900.” Atlantic Cable. 5 November 2005. http://atlantic-cable.com/Cables/CableTimeLine/index1850.htm (7 October 2019).
Warner, Deborah Jean. “The Geography of Heaven and Earth.” Rittenhouse Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise, 1987. Vol. 2, Nos. 2 & 3, pp. 63-64, 88-89.
Yonge, Ena L. A Catalogue of Early Globes, Library Series No. 6. American Geographical Society,1968. p. 53