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A pocket globe of typical form, the terrestrial globe with engraved hand-colored gores and axis pins at the poles. It is contained within a spherical conforming case opening into two concave hemispheres -- one with an applied engraved celestial chart of the Northern Sky, the other with an applied Southern Sky celestial chart. The outside of the case is covered with black pebbled fish skin and the rims of the case are painted red. The two halves are joined with a brass hinge and close with three brass hook-and-eyelet closures.
The globe is colored in tones of pink, yellow, red and green. The continents are outlined in bolder shades. Oceans are colored green. The United States has simple cartography and only a few places names, principal among them east of the Mississippi River being: New York, Mary L. [Maryland], Carolina, Virginia (encompassing most of the mid section), and Florida (extending fairly far west). West of the Mississippi River is labeled New Mexico, New Albion, California (shown as a peninsula) and “Parts Unknown” in the Pacific Northwest. The celestial hemispheres are colored green uniformly, with constellations shown as mythological figures and scientific instruments in black outline.
Pocket globes manufactured in London in the 18th and 19th centuries, were often printed using copper plates that were revised, updated, and relabeled by successive globe makers, engravers or sellers. A so-called “Anonymous” version of the offered globe, c. 1775, along with the original 1719 version by Hermann Moll from which it was derived, are described and pictured by Elly Dekker in the book Globes at Greenwich, a catalogue of globes in the collection of the British National Maritime Museum. The offered globe conforms to the description of the Anonymous 1775 example: Captain Cook's 1760 voyage had been added, the voyage of Dampier had been removed, though traces are still visible, and some geographic information had been amended or changed. In the 1775 edition, the celestial gores as originally issued by Moll were basically left unchanged, except for the cartouche. The offered globe has the overlabel of W. & S. Jones on the globe (and on one of the celestial hemispheres) in size, form and placement consistent with the Anonymous globe, further strengthening the attribution. W. & S. Jones operated from 30 Holborn from 1801 to 1830, which dates the offered globe to that time period. For more information about W. & S. Jones, see our Guide to Globe Makers. See also another example of the 1775 Anonymous globe, with no overlabel.
The heyday of the pocket globe was Georgian period England, from the early 18th century to about 1840, where they were mainly made as novelty items for English aristocrats interested in geography and astronomy. Read more about the history and development of pocket globes.
Rectangular Overlabels on Globe and Celestial Hemisphere: W & S, JONES/ 30 Holborn/ LONDON
Globe shown in pictures above on recent wooden display dish.
Clifton, Gloria C. Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers, 1550-1851. pp. 154-55.
Dekker, Elly, et al. Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Globes and Armillary Spheres in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. London: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum, 1999. pp. 129, 136, 417-418, 529-530.
Maxted, Ian. "The London book trades 1775-1800: a checklist of members." Exeter Working Papers in Book History. 5 November 2008. http://bookhistory.blogspot.com/2007/01/london-1775-1800-i-k.html (7 July 2011).