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The terrestrial globe with engraved hand-colored gores, set within a turned mahogany box (as issued), the domed acorn-form lid lifting off to reveal the globe turning on polar axis pins in the lower cylindrical section. Geographic entities are faintly colored in red, green and yellow with thick, boldly colored outlines. Oceans are colored green. The routes of Captain Cook's second and third voyages, and the place where he was killed in Hawaii in 1779 are indicated, as is the route taken by "Clark [sic.] & Gore" (Captains Charles Clerke and John Gore) who completed the third voyage after Cook's death. California is shown as a peninsula. The Antarctic region is shown without cartography, except for three spots labeled either "Ice" or "Isles of Ice." The location of the antipodes of London is marked.
An identical globe in a mahogany box is in the collection of the National Maritime Museum in Britain and pictured in Dekker, Globes at Greenwich. They have dated it circa1860, based on the reference in the cartouche to the Fleet Street location of Newton & Son, which opened in 1852.
Newton & Son was operated from 1841 to 1883 by descendants of the British globe maker John Newton, who started making globes in the late 18th Century. For more information about the Newton family of globemakers, see our Guide to Globe Makers.
The heyday of the pocket globe was Georgian period England, from the early 18th century to about 1840, where they were mainly made as novelty items for English aristocrats interested in geography and astronomy. Read more about the history and development of pocket globes.
Cartouche: NEWTON’S/ New & Improved/ TERRESTRIAL/ GLOBE/ Published by Newton & Son/ 66 Chancery Lane,/ & 3, Fleet St, Temple Bar.
Dekker, Elly, et al. Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Globes and Armillary Spheres in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. London: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum, 1999. pp. 55, 422-423, 426-428.
"James Cook." Wikipedia. 4 July 2011. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Cook#Third_voyage_.281776.E2.80.9379.29_and_death (7 July 2011).