Pictorial historical map of Wyoming, a 1936 printing of a work copyrighted in 1928, signed by the artist. Grace Raymond Hebard. The map prominently marks the routes of historic trails through the state: The Old Oregon Trial, the Overland Trail, The Bozeman Trail and the Texas Trail. Geographic features include county lines, rivers, the Teton Range, Yellowstone National Park and the Great Divide. Along the left and right margins are small illustrations, including the state seal, the state flower (Indian paintbrush), landscapes, cowboys, and pioneers. Surrounding the whole is a border design in a rope pattern. Historic information and illustrations throughout the map relate to the early exploration and settlement of the region by pioneers, the Pony Express, conflicts with Native Americans, and personages such as Buffalo Bill. Titles of literary works about the West are also scattered throughout the map. As a committed feminist, Hebard made sure to feature events in women’s history in this map such as “first crossing of the Rockies by a white woman,” “first woman jury,” “The Governor Lady,” and “Home of Sacajawea, the Pilot of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.” Paul M. Paine, listed as co-creator, may have helped with the map production. He is credited with at least one other known pictorial map from 1928.
Grace Raymond Hebard was a historian, suffragist, and professor with a affiliation with the University of Wyoming lasting some 45 years. After becoming the first woman to earn an engineering degree at the University of Iowa, she arrived in Cheyenne, Wyoming, at the age of 30, where she worked as a draftsman. She earned a Ph.D in political science by correspondence from Illinois Wesleyan University, and soon thereafter became head of the Department of Political Science at the University of Wyoming. She also built the university’s library collection from scratch. One of her major research projects was a thorough documentation of the history of the Oregon Trail, involving cartography and oral histories of surviving pioneers. She became active in the women’s suffrage movement and traveled the nation speaking on behalf of the cause. Her other great political cause was to advocate for the education of immigrants to help them assimilate into American society. Hebard’s books on Wyoming history include The Bozeman Trail (1922), Washakie (1930) and Sacajawea (1932).
Paul Mayo Paine (who typically signed his maps Paul M. Paine) designed or co-designed several pictorial maps during the 1920s and 1930s. He served as a librarian at the Syracuse [New York] Public Library from at least 1919 to at least 1931, and was active in the American Library Association. His maps reflected his occupation as a librarian, with either literary or historical themes: Map of Adventures (1925), The Booklovers Map of the British Isles (1927), A Map of the History of New York State (1928), Map of Great Adventures (1928), Map of the History of Pennsylvania (1931) and The Booklovers Map of America (1939). He also collaborated with Grace Raymond Hebard on Map of the History and Romance of Wyoming (1928).
Emblem lower center: “This map is the work of Grace Raymond Hebard & Paul M. Paine.”
Copyright notice lower right: “Copyright 1928 by Grace Raymond Hebard. Reprint of 1936.”
Note: Hand color, very likely original, possibly by Hebard.
“Grace Raymond Hebard.” Wikipedia. 1 April 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Raymond_Hebard (4 August 2008).
Paine, Paul M. "The Use of Print — Its Advocates in Conference." The Library Journal. August 1919. p. 407. Online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=q59JAAAAYAAJ (9 June 2010).
University of Wyoming American Heritage Center . “The History and Romance of Wyoming: Grace Raymond Hebard.” http://ahc.uwyo.edu/onlinecollections/exhibits/hebard/introduction.htm (4 August 2008).