Johann Weinmann Botanical Prints
from Phytanthoza Iconographia: 1737-1745

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Detail of Weinmann botanical engraving Detail of Weinmann botanical engraving Detail of Weinmann botanical engraving

Details (above) and examples of decorative frames (below).

In decorative frame In decorative frame
Johann Wilhelm Weinmann (1683-1741) (editor)
Georg Dionysus Ehret (1708-1770) et al. (after)
Bartholomäus Seuter (1678-1754), Johann Ridinger (1698-1767) and Johann Jakob Haid (1704-1767) (engravers)
Botanical Natural History Studies
from Phytanthoza Iconographia
H. Lentz and H.G. Neubauer, et al., Regensburg: 1737-1745
Mezzotint engravings, printed in color, finished by hand
12.75 x 8.25 inches, platemark (average approximate)
17 x 11 inches, overall (average approximate)
Prices vary: $250 to $1,250 each

Numerous engravings shown above. More are available, please inquire.

Various botanical prints from Johann Wilhelm Weinmann's monumental work Phytanthoza Iconographia. A full range of flowers and plants are shown, including ornamental garden flowers (notably tulips), pineapples and other tropical plants or trees, desert plants such as aloes and cacti in Baroque pots, fruits and mushrooms, as well as various colorful exotic species and wildflowers. Over 4,000 plants and flowers are depicted on 1,025 plates, making this series one of the most comprehensive and finest color plate florilegia ever produced. Some of the plates are marked in the lower right corner with an "S" or an "H," probably referring to the engravers Seuter or Haid (Dunthorne).

Johann Wilhelm Weinmann was an influential apothecary, pharmacist and botanist in Regensburg, Germany. His background is evident in the composition and style of the botanical studies in this work, which are at once scientific or herbal and beautifully decorative as well. He used mezzotint to achieve subtle tonal variations of leaves and flower petals. In Great Flower Books, Satcheverall Sitwell refers to this set as the "pioneering work of botanical prints engraved to be inked in color."

Many of the superb plates of this important florilegium are engraved after drawings by the eminent botanical artist Georg Dionysus (G.D.) Ehret, the dominant influence in botanical art during the 18th century. Ehret was born in Heidelberg, Germany, and trained as a gardener. He became the protégé of the Margrave of Baden-Durlach, who hired him to design town and palace gardens at Karlsruhe and make paintings of his flowers. After leaving the Margrave’s employ, relocated in Regensburg, where he met Johann Wilhelm Weinmann, and was engaged to produced drawings which were to be his first published works, for Phythanoza Iconographia. Upon producing the first 500 drawings, he had a dispute with Weinmann over compensation and obtained a new position copying plates for another patron, while also working independently on new paintings. His talents were recognized by Dr. Jakob Trew of Nuremberg, who became his lifelong patron and friend. With Trew’s backing, Ehret was able to leave his copying job. He traveled through Europe, including to Leiden in 1736, where he met the eminent naturalist Linnaeus, and then settled in England, where he remained the rest of his life. In London, he had a busy and successful career as a painter and instructor, obtaining numerous commissions from aristocratic patrons and having several duchesses and countesses among his pupils. Over his career, Ehret produced an important body of botanical paintings, including plates for a number of florilegia and travel books, notably Trew’s Plantae Selectae (1750-1773) and Hortus…Amoenissimorum Florum (1750-1786), and his own Plantae Paliliones Rariores (1748-1759) and Natural History of Barbados (1750). He often engraved his own plates. In 1757, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society. His works today are represented in many important museum collections including the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Natural History Museum.

Full title of work: Phytanthoza Iconographia, sive conspectus aliquot millium, tam indigenarum quam exoticarum, ex quatuor mundi partibus... plantarum, arborum, fruticum, florum, fructuum, fungorum, &c.

German title: Phythanthoza Iconographia, oder eigentliche Vorstellung etlicher Tausend so wohl einheimisch-als ausländischer aus allen vier Welt-Theilen, in Verlauf vieler Jahr mit unermüdetem Fleisz... Pflanzen, Baüme, Stauden, Kraüter, Blumen, Früchte und Schwämme...

English translation of title: Phythanthoza Iconographia, or comprehensive survey of thousands of native and foreign plants, from all four corners of the world, the result of many years of tireless study... Plants, Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, Flowers, Fruits and Mushrooms...

Condition: Each generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear, handling. Some variations in overall paper tone. Some with slight irregularities to left margin edge where disbound.

References:

Blunt, Wilfred, rev. by Stearn, William T. The Art of Botanical Illustration. Woodbridge, Suffolk, England: Antique Collectors Club, 1994. pp. 25, 154-55, 159-166, 181.

Dunthorne, Gordon. Flower and Fruit Prints of the 18th and Early 19th Centuries. Their History, Makers and Uses, with a Catalogue Raisonne of the Works in Which They are Found. Washington, D.C.: Published by the Author, 1938. 327.

Brindle, John V., James J. White and Donald E Wendel. Flora Portrayed: Classics of Botanical Art from the Hunt Institute Collection. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1985. p. 494.

Nissen, Claus. Die Botanische Buchillustration: ihre Geschichte und Bibliographie. Stuttgart:1951-66. 2126.

Pritzel, Georg August. Thesaurus Literaturae Botanicae Omnium Gentium. Milan: 1950. 10140.

Sitwell, Satcheverall and Blunt, Wilfred. Great Flower Books: 1700-1900. London: Collins, 1956. pp. 151, 166.

plate title shorttitle engraver price fullimage tn
42 Alöe Mucronato folio Americana major. Alöe Muricata major folüs Pictis seu ex Luteo variegates. Aloes plate042.jpg plate042-2.jpg
112 Bromelia Ananas L.1. Ananas folio angust serrato. Pineapple plate112.jpg plate112-2.jpg
113 Ananas folio latiore serrato. Anas frücht. Pineapple plate113.jpg plate113-2.jpg
119 Anemone sylvestris flore pallido L. 10 minor. Anemone coronaria L. 8: Anemone hortensis flore rubro pleno. anemone hortensis flore saturate rubro. Anemones plate119.jpg plate119-2.jpg
228 Banana 2. Mauze. Baradiß-feigen Banana plate228.jpg plate228-2.jpg
304 Caranna, Caragne, Caran. Caranna Tree plate304.jpg plate304-2.jpg
356 Cereus quadran gularis. Cereus quinque angular is. Cereus Cacti
Sold
Engraver: Seuter
Note: This plate is illustrated in Dunthorne p. 65.
Sold plate356.jpg plate356-2.jpg
357 Cereus erectus longissimis al glaucus spinis bis armatus. Cereus Cactus
Sold
Engraver: Seuter Sold plate357.jpg plate357-2.jpg
433 Cotyledon Africanum foliis depressis cruciatis. Cotyledon foliis rotundioribus purpureo cinctis floribus pendulis ex luteo rubentibus. Cotyledons Engraver: Haid plate433.jpg plate433-2.jpg
464 Digitalis rubra floribus albis maculates. Digitalis angustifolia flore forugineo. Digitalis alba folio aspero, Fingerhut mit weisse blume. Digitalis Virginiana angustifolia spicata. Digitalis [Foxgloves] Engraver: Seuter plate464.jpg plate464-2.jpg
608 Iris latifolia rubra striata, Roth gestreisste Schwert-Lilien. Iris latifolia hortensis variegata, Bunte Ilgen. Iris lutea, foliis rependis variegates. Iris latifolia strüs rubris distincta. Irises Engraver: Seuter plate608.jpg plate608-2.jpg
646 Leucojum sive cheiri luteum, Giroflier, Gelbe Deieln. Leucojum seu keyri flore pleno Violier jaune, Gefüll, te gelbe Deieln. Leucojum luteum vulgare, Violette de St. George, Wilde gelbe Deieln. Leucojum luteum vulgo cheire flore pleno, gefüllte Lack, Deieln. Leucojum Engraver: Haid plate646.jpg plate646-2.jpg
651 Lilio asphodelus luteus. Lilio asphodelus phoeniceus. Lilium album, Lis, Lilie. Lilies Engraver: Seuter plate651.jpg plate651-2.jpg
652 Lilio narcissus Indicus totus ruber vulgo Jacobaeus. Lilio narcissus Indicus albus, Lis-narcisse, Lilien-Narcisse. Lilio narcissus virgineus. Lilies Engraver: Haid plate652.jpg plate652-2.jpg
680 Lychnis viscose purpurea laifolia lavis. Lychnis viscose flore rubro pleno. Lychnis Montana viscose alba. Lychnis Montana viscose flore albo pleno prolifero. Lychnis [Campions] Engraver: Haid plate680.jpg plate680-2.jpg
796 Papaver sativum flore saturate purpureo petalis laciniatis. Papaver sativum rubrum plore simplici. Papaver sativum unguibus rubris flore pleno, Magen. Papaver Spinosum Americanum. Poppies Engraver: Haid plate796.jpg plate796-2.jpg
870 Rosa omnium calendarum, Monath Rosen. Rosa lutea flore pleno. Rosa lutea flore simplici. Rosa rubra Saccharina dicta, Samuel Röstein. Roses Engraver: Haid plate870.jpg plate870-2.jpg
982 Tubularia purpurea, Orgue de Mer, See Orgel. Tulipa monstrosa flore luteo et rubro variegato. [Variegated Tulip and Organ Pipe Coral] Tulip & Coral Engraver: Haid plate982.jpg plate982-2.jpg
983 Tulipa monstrosa flore Sanguineo. Tulipa flore rubro monstroso. Tulips Engraver: Haid plate983.jpg plate983-2.jpg
986 Tulipa flore pleno rubro et albo variegato. Tulipa flore pleno ex albo et rubro striato. Tulipa alba maculis roseis variegata. Tulipa purpurea strüs albis notata. Tulips Engraver: Haid plate986.jpg plate986-2.jpg
987 Tulipa Serotina parte media viridibus Signaturis. altera rubra ramosa. Tulipa rubra calice pallescente. Tulipa rubra calice luteo. Tulips Engraver: Haid plate987.jpg plate987-2.jpg
991 Tulipa monstrosa ex albo, luteo, et viridi variegato strüs rubris notatis. Tulipa Colore violaceo strüs cinereis notatis. Tulipa ex luteo rubro et viridi variegato. Tulips Engraver: Seuter plate991.jpg plate991-2.jpg
994 Tulipa serotina Stellata. Tulipa Persica major et minor. Tulipa rubra lituris miniatis. Tulips Engraver: Seuter plate994.jpg plate994-2.jpg
995 Tulipa versicolor strüs punctulisqß sanguineo-viridibus notata. La Reine de France. Tulipa rarissima pallidé lutea elegantissimis coloribus variegata. Franzin. Tulipa candens spina in medio foliorum laciniata sanguineo nigricante extus distincta, apicibus intus luteolis. Canarius passer albicans, der weisse Canarien Bogel. Tulips Engraver: Haid plate995.jpg plate995-2.jpg
997 Tulipa ex albo ruffa margine rubente. Tulipifera virginiana tripartite aceris folio. Tulips Engraver: Seuter plate997.jpg plate997-2.jpg
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