Flowers: Roses and Bluebells
Currier & Ives
Flowers: Roses and Bluebells
Flowers: Roses and Bluebells
Currier & Ives, New York: 3rd Quarter 19th Century
Hand colored lithograph, heightened with gum arabic
14 x 10 inches image, approximately
16 x 12 inches, overall

Botanical arrangement of roses and bluebells in a bouquet. The flowers are shown in various stages of bloom, the roses comprising the main body of the bouquet. A blue hummingbird is poised on the left about to drink from a bluebell.

The lithography firm of Currier & Ives was founded in 1834 by Nathaniel Currier as N. Currier, Lithographer, and based in New York. In 1852, he brought his brother-in-law, James Merritt Ives, into the business and renamed the firm Currier & Ives five years later. They were extremely prolific and highly successful, producing almost 7,500 different separately issued art prints through the 19th century until 1907, aptly advertising themselves as "Print-makers to the American People." Their prints were issued in either small, medium or large folio, though some particularly popular images were issued in more than one size. Dozens of American artists in the mid 19th century painted primarily for lithographic reproduction by Currier & Ives and other firms. To please a broad audience, the firm presented a warmly positive vision of America, frequently sentimental, and sometimes with a touch of humor. Currier & Ives prints generally portrayed the American landscape, scenery and landmarks, including the westward expansion, as well as daily life in both urban and rural settings. Their sporting and maritime subjects were particularly popular. These prints are now highly collectible as records of American history, as fine works of American art, and for their decorative appeal.

Full publication information: Currier & Ives, 125 Nassau Street, New York.

Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, soiling, and scattered edge wear. Some faint irregular toning from earlier backing material.


Bonfante-Warren, Alexandra. Currier & Ives: Portraits of a Nation. New York: Friedman/Fairfax, 1998. pp. 9, 23-41.

Conningham, Frederic A.  Currier and Ives Prints: An Illustrated Check List.  New York: Crown, 1949. 2057.

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