Double hemisphere pictorial map. The map cartography is simple: pink continents with national borders indicated and countries and oceans labeled in a calligraphic style recalling early maps. Contributing to the antiquarian style are tiny illustrations of sailing ships and sea creatures in the oceans, although there is also a contemporary airplane. The two hemispheres are set within a colored border of national flags, arranged as if hanging on a rectangular frame. This in turn is set within a larger border of black and white line drawings of overlapping scenes from world history in an operatic, Baroque style reminiscent of Thomas Hart Benton. The illustrations follow a loose chronology from the center top, with prehistoric cave dwellers and dinosaurs, followed by Egyptians building the pyramids; figures from ancient Greece; Roman gladiators; medieval knights, labeled “Chivalry”; Columbus’ ship between the two maps, and a scene of his encounter with natives in the New World. Continuing up the left side are depictions of the Pilgrims, the Pioneers, and, in the upper left corner, “Today,” which features an airplane, industrial workers. In the top center, completing the border, is an image of a family gazing towards the central rising sun. Between the two hemispheres is a white dove under a banner with the Biblical quote “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation neither shall they learn war any more.”
James Henry Daugherty was an American illustrator, best known for his children’s books. Daugherty spent most of his childhood in Washington, D.C. He studied at the Corcoran School of Art and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, then spent two years in London as a student of Frank Brangwyn. He began publishing magazine illustrations in 1913. Early jobs also included four murals for Loew’s State Theatre in Cleveland and camouflaging ships. His first book-length illustration project was R.H. Horne’s King Penguin in 1925, followed by S.E. White’s Daniel Boone, Wilderness Scout (1926). His papers are in the University of Minnesota Libraries Children's Literature Research Collections, with illustration materials for 30 books and manuscripts for five, spanning projects from 1926 to 1964. During his lifetime, Daugherty was honored for his contributions to children’s literature: Daniel Boone, a biography he both wrote and illustrated, won the 1940 Newbery Award, and his illustrations for Andy and the Lion (1939) and Gillespie and the Guards (1957) were runner-ups for the Caldecott Medal. Daugherty was in the news in 2006, when his dramatic 1935 mural, The Life and Times of General Israel Putnam of Connecticut, painted for the WPA and installed in a Greenwich, Connecticut, elementary school, was restored. The cleaning revealed imagery that some community members deemed too strong for children. Thus, the mural was transferred to the Reference Room Greenwich Public Library, where it remains today.
Full publication information: “Published & Copyrighted by the Historical Map Society, Times Building, New York.”
Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear, soft creases. Few small marginal tears professionally restored.
Eyer, Jim. “James Henry Daugherty Papers.” University of Minnesota Libraries Children's Literature Research Collections. 2008. http://special.lib.umn.edu/findaid/xml/CLRC-122.xml (11 February 2009).
Gilbert, Dorothy B., ed. Who’s Who in American Art. New York: American Federation of Arts and R.R. Bowker, 1959. p. 133.
Stowe, Stacey. “Mural's Content May Stop Its Return to School.” New York Times. 6 June 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/09/nyregion/09greenwich.html (11 February 2009).