Cartoon Map of New York City
Henry E. (Heinz) Salloch, 1938
Cartoon Map of New York City
Detail of cartouche
Detail of Upper West Side Detail of Columbia University
Henry E. (Heinz) Salloch (1908-1985) (after)
Cartoon Map of New York City
J.J. Augustin, New York: 1938
Color-process print
12 x 27.5 inches, overall
$350

Pictorial map of New York City filled with cartoon style illustrations noting major areas and attractions. The cartography is simple, with major avenues and some cross streets in green. Most of the detail is in the Manhattan portion, with a few landmarks in Brooklyn, Queens and Bronx indicated, though not necessarily with geographic accuracy. There are numerous interesting period touches: the site of the New York World’s Fair, which opened the following year in 1939, boxers in a ring at Madison Square Garden, a sign on the West Side Highway reading "Express Highway 35 Miles Speed Limit," "Art Galleries" on 57th Street, and an elephant and a rhino at the Bronx Zoo labeled "Alice" and "Peter the Great." The artist was Henry E. Salloch, who had recently arrived in New York as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

The map, printed in green and black, was issued folded in a pocket accompanying the book Cartoon Guide of New York City by Nils Hogner and Guy Scott. The book was the second volume published in the series Augustin’s Cartoon Guides of America, which as of 1938 included seven published and planned books. The guidebook itself is a straightforward and informative travel guide written in a breezy style, with small, cartoon illustrations.

Henry E. Salloch was a German-born artist and graphic designer from Berlin who emigrated to the U.S. to escape Fascism in 1937. Born Heinz Emil Salloch, he studied art at the Muthesius School of Applied Arts in Kiel, Germany. In 1929, he returned to Berlin, where he worked as a teacher. Unwilling to join the Nazi Party in 1936, the only work he could get was as a substitute teacher in Silesia, where he soon aroused the annoyance of the local chapter of the party when he invited three Jewish children to a Christmas party and had also not – as required -- used a Nationalist observer in his classroom. When his landlady warned him that the Gestapo had inquired about him, he fled the country. In Germany, his paintings and drawings consisted mainly of Modernist landscapes in a pared-down abstracted style apparently influenced by Cubism and the Blaue Reiter movement: harbor scenes of Kiel, mountain villages, the steel arches of Berlin, dark towers, and churches. After settling in the U.S., he supported himself as a commercial artist in New York. There he met his wife, Erika Salloch, a fellow refugee who later became a professor at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland, which is where he was living when he died.

Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear, soft creases. Folds as issued, with very slight separations at some intersections.

References:

"Bright Old Light." Raab Galerie. 2001. http://www.raab-galerie.de/Pages_de/
ausstellung.php?vid=130&pressetext=/WWWROOT/62795/htdocs/Pages/pressetexte/
2007salloch.html&titel= (11 January 2010).

"In Memoriam: Erika Salloch." Washington College Magazine. Spring 2001. http://www.washcoll.edu/wc/news/washmag/spring2001/01_spring_34.html (11 January 2010).

Salloch, Roger. "White Shadows." White Shadows by Roger Salloch. 2007. http://www.whiteshadows.org/pdf/100507_RogerSalloch_reading.pdf (11 January 2010).