New Sectional Map of the State of Florida
Colton Pocket Map, 1884
New Sectional Map of the Eastern Portion of Florida

Full map, unfolded

Detail of map

Detail

Detail of map

Front cover

Detail of map

Cartouche

G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co.
New Sectional Map of the State of Florida
New York: 1884 (copyright 1880)
Pocket map, folding into embossed cloth covers as issued
31.5 x 24 inches, overall
6.25 x 4 inches, covers
$3,200

Pocket map of typical format of a portion of Florida, from the state line with Georgia in the north to Lake Okeechobee in the south, and from the Atlantic Coast in the east to Madison and Taylor Counties in the west, omitting the Florida Panhandle.  Counties are outlined in green, yellow and pink.  Other geographical entities include towns, lakes, rivers, bays, and coastal islands.  The map is at a scale of 10 miles to an inch.  A grid is laid over most of the map, according to the plan adopted in surveying the Public Lands of the United States, in which the country is divided into townships by lines 6 miles apart, which are further subdivided into a smaller grid of 640-acre sections.  Text on the map explains how the grids can be used to locate any piece of land on the map.

Between 1831 and 1890, the Colton firm dominated American map publishing and their atlases were the finest produced in the U.S. during the 19th century. The company was founded by Joseph Hutchins Colton (1800-1893), who had no formal training in geography or cartography; he began by purchasing copyrights of maps prepared by other individuals or companies, and his principal role was to manage the production and distribution of the maps.  His first maps were drawn by the esteemed cartographer David H. Burr in the 1830s.  By the 1850s Colton was also publishing guidebooks, atlases and immigrant and railroad maps.  The firm was renamed G.W. & C.B. Colton in the 1860s when Colton was succeeded by his sons -- George Woolworth Colton (1827-1901) and Charles B. Colton (c. 1831-1916). It is believed that George Colton compiled the company's 1855 Atlas of the World and served thereafter as the firm's principal map compiler, cartographer and engraver.

Joseph H. Colton sold his atlas plates to Alvin Jewett (A.J.) Johnson in 1860.  Johnson, the publisher, is best known for his atlases, issued in many editions in the second half of the 19th century, beginning with the publication of Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas.  In 1898, the G.W. & C.B. Colton firm became Colton, Ohman & Co. and published under that name until about 1901, when August R. Ohman began publishing under his own name as "successor to the Coltons."

Cartouche: “Colton’s New Sectional Map of the Eastern Portion of Florida.  From the surveys of the U.S. Land Office, the U.S. Coast Survey and other Original Sources.  G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. 182 William St. New York.”

Condition: Generally very good, the map with the usual overall light wear, toning, soiling, handling, spotting, soft creases.  Usual light wear, browning, and minor openings at fold intersections.  Covers good with usual light overall toning, wear, soiling abrasions. 

References:

Cohen, Paul E. and Augustyn, Robert T. Manhattan in Maps: 1527-1995. New York: Rizzoli, 1997. p. 120.

Ristow, Walter W. American Maps & Mapmakers: Commercial Cartography in the 19th Century. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1985. pp. 325, 327.


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