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View, Holy Land, Jerusalem, Church of Purification, David Roberts, Antique Print, 1840s

$1,500

David Roberts (1796-1864) (after)
Louis Haghe (1806-1885) (lithographer)
The Church of the Purification, Jerusalem
from The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia
F.G. Moon, London: 1842-49
Hand-colored lithograph, tipped on card, as issued
Signed, dated and titled in matrix, lower left
12.75 x 18.75 inches, image
17.5 x 24.25 inches, overall
$1,500

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View of the city of Jerusalem from British artist David Robert’s monumental series of views of ancient sites in current day Israel, Egypt, and other parts of the Middle East.The vantage point is one of the hills outside the city, on the road leading to Bethany, looking west toward the ancient walls surrounding the Temple Mount. Dominating the center is the Dome of the Rock, to the left the Tower of David, and in between them the dome of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, an ancient mosque. This print is sometimes subtitled “The Church of the Purification,” referring to the name by which the Al-Aqsa Mosque was known when it was captured by Christians during the crusades in 1099 until it was recaptured by Saladin in 1187. In the foreground, a woman and a group of men dressed in robes and turbans and other traditional Arab garb rest on a half-buried ancient stone structure, giving a sense of scale to the sweeping view as well as a flavor of the local culture. Roberts dated the sketch April 9th, 1839.

Description

In the second quarter of the 19th century, Roberts recorded broad vistas of the ancient world with local inhabitants, as well as detailed studies of classical architectural ruins. These pictures were published in a magnificent series of lithographs in creamy earth tones, sometimes tinted, sometimes with full color, with accompanying text.Roberts’ work is now regarded as “one of the most important and elaborate ventures of nineteenth-century publishing, and […] the apotheosis of the tinted lithograph” (Abbey).

David Roberts was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.He began his career as a house painter and by 1816 was painting stage scenery for the theatre. In 1820 he met Clarkson Stanfield, who encouraged him as an artist, and in 1821 he moved to London, where he worked with Stanfield on sets at the Drury Lane Theatre.Roberts exhibited at the first show held by the Society of British Artists, and was able to become a full-time fine art painter in 1830.During the early 1830s he began to produce the sketches of foreign lands that were to make him famous, beginning with Spain.In 1838 and 1839 he undertook an extensive and adventurous journey to Alexandria, Cairo and other places in the Middle East, making extensive sketches.In the 1840s, over a period of seven years, his lithographs were published in 41 parts inThe Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia.The works have proved to have lasting popularity and have been republished many times, most recently in 1989.Roberts also produced an illustrated work on Italy in the 1850s.His paintings are in many museum collections, including the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

Louis Haghe was a Belgian-born painter, watercolorist and lithographer, who spent his career in England after arriving in London in 1823.In 1830, he and his partner William Day formed the successful lithography firm of Day & Haghe, where they were known for their advanced work in color lithography.In 1838 they were appointed lithographers to Queen Victoria. Haghe was also one of the founders of the New Society of Painters in Water-Colours and served several years as president.As a watercolorist, his principal subjects were rural landscapes and villages in the North of France and the Low Countries.His major works also include three volumes of lithographs based on sketches of Germany and Belgium, published in London between 1840 and 1850.During his long career he frequently exhibited his works in Paris and London.Today his watercolors are in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum, and the art museums of Brussels, Leicester, Manchester and other cities.

Full publication information: David Roberts, April 9th, 1839 Jerusalem.

Condition:Generally very good with only minor overall toning and wear. Tipped on card, as issued (though now only tipped to card from backside of top margin, not on other sides).

References:

Abbey, J.R.Travel in Aquatint and Lithograph 1770-1860. San Francisco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, 1991 (reprint of 1957 edition). 272, 385.

Bénézit, E.Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. France: Librairie Gründ, 1966. Vol. 4, p. 551.

“David Roberts.”The Grove Dictionary of Art.New York: Macmillan. 2000. Artnet.com. http://www.artnet.com/library/07/0724/T072403.asp (31 March 2003).

David Roberts’ Egypt and the Holy Land. London: The Schuster Gallery, 1987. Item 16.

Sim, Katharine.David Roberts R.A. 1796-1864, A Biography.London: Quartet, 1984.

Additional information

Century

19th Century