Carlo Bossoli was an Italian painter and draftsman, known chiefly for his landscapes and views. Born in Switzerland, his family emigrated to Odessa when he was a child and there he received his first training in art. He began his career painting vue d’optiques. During the 1840s and 1850s he worked in many European countries, notably for the court of Queen Victoria and for Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III. He also spent time in Italy, Russia and Sweden. Bossoli exhibited at the Royal Academy in London between 1855 and 1859. He also created a large body of illustrations of military campaigns, which he completed on assignment. Eventually he settled in Torino and remained there for the rest of his life, and most of his works are in collections there, especially at the Torino museum.
Francesco Citterio was an Italian aquatint engraver. He engraved many landscape views.
The Vallardi firm was founded in Milan in 1750 by Francesco Cesare Vallardi as a print publishing and art dealing business, and continued by his sons Pietro (1770-1819) and Giuseppe (1784-1861). After Pietro’s death in 1819, Giuseppe continued running it alone. Vallardi published some 22 editions of Itinerario d’Italia between 1819 and 1835, a forerunner of the modern travelers’ guidebook. In the mid 19th century, the company also published city views, including panoramas of Italian cities such as Genoa, Venice and Florence. Other 19th century publications included artistic, geographic, scientific and religious works, and the firm developed its scholastic publications to become one of Italy’s leading producers of educational materials for children. They also produced globes and planetary models, and other school demonstration devices, from the late 19th to mid 20th century. By 1920 the company had been renamed Antonio Vallardi. During the latter half of the 20th century, the firm was acquired by Gruppo Editoriale Mauri Spagnol and continues to focus on educational and geographic reference works today: foreign language dictionaries, tourist guides, textbooks and how-to books.
“Antonio Vallardi Editore.” Vallardi Editore. http://www.vallardi.it/chisiamo.php (28 October 2009).
Bénézit, E. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. France: Librairie Gründ, 1966. Vol. 2, p. 35 (Bossoli); p. 519 (Citterio).
“Carlo Bossoli.” Carneade, chi era costui? 26 October 2009. http://digilander.libero.it/trombealvento/bossoli/bossoli.htm (27 October 2009).
Manno, Antonio. Bibliografia di Genova. Genoa, Italy: Libreria R. Istituto Sordo-muti, 1898. 28888. Online at Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=OsKtWEdRd_gC (27 October 2009).
“Scheda 39 Antonio Vallardi Editore.” Fondazione Mondadori. http://fondazionemondadori.it/censimento/lombardia2007/Schede_censite_1999/ Scheda%2039%20ANTONIO%20VALLARDI%20EDITORE.doc (28 October 2009).
“Vallardi Brothers.” British Museum. https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/term/BIOG149028 (2 November 2020).