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Portrait Art, Princess Caroline of England, Hans Hysing, Antique Mezzotint Print

$150

Hans Hysing (1678-1753) (after)
John Faber, Jr. (c. 1684-1756) (engraver)
Her Royal Highness Princess Carolina, Third Daughter to His Majesty
King George the 2d.
Thomas Bowles, St. Pauls Church Yard & John Bowles & Son, Black Horse, Cornhill, London: Mid 18th Century
Black and white mezzotint
13 x 9 inches, overall
$150

Mezzotint portrait set within an oval of Princess Caroline Elizabeth (1713-1757), daughter of Britain’s King George II, depicted in a jeweled dress with a string of pearls woven through her hair. This portrait is a vignette focusing on the head from Hysing’s full length portrait of the princess in her ermine-trimmed coronation robes. A mezzotint of the full version, also engraved by Faber, is in the collection of Britain’s National Portrait Gallery (NPG D9140). They also have the oval portrait we show here (NPG D7956).

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Description

Hans Hysing (also spelled Huysing) was a Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, where he studied portrait painting under David von Krafft. In 1700, he emigrated to London where he initially studied with and assisted the Swedish painter Michael Dahl. He received commissions from the Hanoverian royal family, and painted the princesses Anne, Amelia, and Caroline Elizabeth in coronation robes, which are at the Shire Hall, Hertford. He also painted portraits of Sir Robert Walpole (collection of King’s College, Cambridge) and Richard Onslow, Speaker of the House of Commons (collection of Wadham College, Oxford). Over 20 mezzotint portraits of prominent and aristocratic Britons after Hysing are in the collection of Britain’s National Portrait Gallery.

John Faber, Jr., an English engraver who studied mezzotint engraving under his father, John Faber, Sr., became a well-respected engraver of portraits. He did numerous prints after the famous artists Peter Lely and Sir Godfrey Kneller. Some 165 plates by Faber are recorded, many being mezzotint portraits of the British royalty and aristocracy, after artists such as Kneller and Vanloo. His 47 plates of members of the Kit-Kat Club after Kneller and a series of 12 portraits titled Beauties of Hampton Court are his best known works. The National Portrait Gallery has a large collection of his works.

Three generations of the Bowles family were printsellers and publishers in 18th century London. John Bowles (1701-1779) traded under his own name, mainly in Black Horse, Cornhill, c. 1724-1754 and 1764-1779. His brother Thomas Bowles (1712-1767) had a similar business in St. Paul’s Churchyard. John trained his son Carington Bowles (1724-1792) and they traded together as John Bowles and Son from 1754 to 1764. When Thomas retired in 1764, Carington took over his uncle’s business and began trading under his own name, and John continued trading as John Bowles. Carington published and sold maps and acquired the plates of John Rocque, rivaling the Sayer family of printers. He was succeeded by his son Henry Carington Bowles (1763-1830), who printed under the name Bowles and Carver. John Bowles was succeeded by Robert Wilkinson.

Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear, soft creases. Trimmed to plate mark. Lower right corner restored as entire print rebacked with Japanese paper.

References:

Bénézit, E. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. France: Librairie Gründ, 1966. Vol. 3, p. 689 (Faber).

“Hans Hysing.” The Grove Dictionary of Art. New York: Macmillan. 2000. Artnet.com. http://www.artnet.com/library/03/0397/T039705.asp (20 May 2005).

Maxted, Ian. “The London book trades 1775-1800: a preliminary checklist of members.” Exeter Working Papers in British Book Trade History. U.K.: Devon Library and Information Services. 20 June 2001. http://www.devon.gov.uk/library/locstudy/bookhist/lonb.html (20 May 2005).

“NPG D7956: Princess Caroline Elizabeth.” http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portrait.asp?search=sa&sText=hysing&
LinkID=mp06180&rNo=14&role=art (20 May 2005).

“NPG D9140: Princess Caroline Elizabeth.” http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portrait.asp?search=sa&sText=hysing&
LinkID=mp06180&rNo=1&role=art (20 May 2005).

Additional information

Century

18th Century