Jean Jules Linden was an influential horticulturist and publisher, especially in the realm of orchids. Born in Luxembourg, he attended the University of Brussels. At age 19, he was selected for a government-sponsored botanical expedition to South and Central America, and traveled there until 1844 collecting new orchid species. From 1845, he worked as a plant dealer in Luxembourg and Ghent, eventually founding the nursery Horticulture Internationale in Brussels, where he imported and introduced new plants, including over 1,100 species of orchids. In addition to orchids, Linden is credited with popularizing begonias, camellias, and palm trees to Europe, introducing various species there. During his travels in South America he observed the growing conditions of the tropical plants, enabling him to succeed in cultivating them when he returned to Belgium. His son Lucien Linden eventually joined the business.
In 1885, Jean Linden began directing Lindenia: Iconographie des Orchidées, co-edited by Lucien and orchidologist Émile Rodigas, and published by F. Meyer-Van Loo, and later Eug. Vanderhaeghen, in Ghent. This publication continued until 1906. Lucien Linden also edited Le Journal des Orchidées: Guide Pratique de Culture, published by Eug. Vanderhaeghen in Ghent from about 1890. This periodical was combined with the Lindens’ L’Illustration Horticole after 1896 to form Le Semaine Horticole.
Pieter De Pannemaeker was a prolific watercolor artist and printmaker active in Ghent, Belgium, in the 19th century. He specialized in landscapes and botanicals and contributed to many periodicals and publications when Belgium was the leading center for botanical publishing. His credits include art and chromolithographs for Jean Jules Linden’s publications Lindenia and L’Illustration Horticole.
Condition: Generally very good, the colors bright, the paper with the usual light overall toning, some minor scattered wear and soft creases.
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