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Natural History Art, Botanical, Fruit, Pomona Italiana, Antique Prints, Italy, 1817-39

$600

Giorgio Gallesio (1772-1839) (author)
Isabella Bozzolini, Domenico Del Pino, Ant. Serantoni (after)
Alessandro Contardi, Tom Nasi, Giuseppe Pera, Stefano Rinadldi (engraver)
Albicocca Alessandrina a Mandorla Amara [Alexandrina Apricot with Bitter Almond]
Pera Campana [Bell Pear]
Pera Spina [Thorn Pear]
Pesca damaschina duracina [Damascus Cling Peach]
Pesca Duracina Bianca Tardiva o Biancona di Verona [White Clingstone Late Peach or Biancona of Verona]
Pesca Mela [Apple Peach]
Pesca Spiccagnola gialla [Freestone Yellow Peach]
Pesca Vagaloggia Duracina [Clingstone Vaga Loggia Peach]
from Pomona Italiana ossia trattato degli Alberi Fruttiferi
[Italian Pomona, A Treatise on Fruit Trees]
Niccolò Capurro, Pisa, Italy: 1817-[1839]
Color aquatint engravings with additional hand color, highlighted with Gum Arabic
13.25 x 10 inches, plate mark
18.75 x 12.75 inches, overall
$600 each

Colorful natural history prints of fruit from a monumental 19th-century treatise on Italian fruit trees. Plates offered here include varieties of apricots, pears and peaches. The main illustration on each plate depicts a branch with the fruit and leaves. Some also have additional illustrations of split fruit to show the seeds or pits, and of twigs with flowers. Though drawn and engraved by different artists, they are all executed in a consistent style of modeled volumetric forms, with the tiniest details of the textures of the leaves and fruit meticulously rendered, down to tiny serrated edges of leaves or the pith of a twig. The faithfulness to reality includes subtle blemishes on the skin of some of the fruits, tiny holes in the leaves from insects, and knife marks in the cut halves of the clingstone peaches. The lush fruit is artistically composed and arranged on the sheet, yet the inclusion of such imperfections distinguish these plates from more idealized depictions in other botanical plates of the period.

Product description continues below.

Description

Giorgio Gallesio’s principle occupation was as a lawyer and civil servant, but he made a major contribution to the field of botany with his illustrated Pomona Italiana, a treatise on fruit trees grown in Italy, which included 160 plates published in 41 parts between 1817 and 1839, the year Gallesio died. The fruits included figs, pears, grapes, peaches, apples, cherries, apricots and some more exotic fruits. Oranges and lemons were omitted because Gallesio had already published Traité du Citrus, a treatise on citrus fruits. Gallesio conducted experiments in his fruit garden in Savona that were cited by Charles Darwin to illustrate the development of varieties.

Full publication information:

Albicocca Alessandrina a Mandorla Amara Disegnata dal vero da Domenico Del Pino in Genova. Incisa in Firenze da Tom: Nasi.

Pera Campana Ant. Serantoni disegno. Stef’o Rinaldi incise.

Pesca damaschina duracina Domenico Del Pino disegno in Finale 1826. Giuseppe Pera incise in Firenze 1829.

Pesca Duracina Bianca Tardiva o Biancona di Verona Dom’o Del Pino disegnò in Finale nel 7bre: 1822. Aless. Contardi inc. in Livorno.

Pesca Mela Ant: Serantoni dis: Stef: Rinaldi inc:

Pesca Spiccagnola gialla Isabella Bozzolini dipinse in Firenze. Tom: Nasi incise.

Pesca Vagaloggia Duracina

Condition: Generally very good with the usual overall light toning, handling, and wear.  Some glare in our online photographs is from gum Arabic highlights, which does not show in regular light; rather which enhances the richness of the color.

References:

Dunthorne, Gordon. Flower and Fruit Prints of the 18th and Early 19th Centuries. Their History, Makers and Uses, with a Catalogue Raisonne of the Works in Which They are Found. Washington, D.C.: Published by the Author, 1938. 118.

Raphael, Sandra. An Oak Spring Pomona. A Selection of the Rare Books on Fruit in the Oak Spring Garden Library. Upperville, VA: Oak Spring Garden Library; New Haven: Distributed by Yale University Press, 1990. 52.

“Sale 1169, Lot 41.” Christie’s. 18 December 2002. http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/gallesio-giorgio-pomona-italiana-ossia-trattat-4039633-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=4039633&sid=3fb41393-53c7-453a-93f9-e62e9bbab717 (19 January 2018).

Sitwell, Sacheverell. Great Flower Books, 1700-1900. New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1990. p. 57.

Additional information

Century

19th Century