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Map, Washington, DC, Ellicott, Russell, Antique Print, London, 1795

$3,900

Andrew Ellicott (1754-1820) (after)
John Russell (act. 1733-1795) (engraver)
Plan of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia
from An American Atlas
H.D. Symonds and J. Ridgeway, London: 1795
Black and white engraving, with brown tint highlights
15.75 x 20.75 inches, including border
17.5 x 22.25 inches, overall
$3,900

Plan of Washington, D.C., showing the layout of streets and avenues, bordered by the “Potomack” (Potomac) River and the Eastern Branch. Georgetown is separately labeled, northwest of Rock Creek. and Reedy Branch and Tiber Creek are shown to the north. Maryland and Virginia are indicated but not shown in any detail. Each block is numbered, and the footprints (planned location and form) of a few major buildings including the “Capitol” and the “Presidents House” are labeled. The proposed landscape design for the Mall is indicated in more detail. The direction of the currents in the major rivers are indicated with arrows, the soundings in various locations are indicated by numbers, and a text titled “Remarks” in the upper left discusses the elevation of various locations in relation to the tide of Tiber Creek and how water could be provided to the city. Proposed contours of docks and slips are shown along the rivers. The map is decorated with a cartouche showing two winged female figures flanking a shield and book on the left and an eight-pointed compass indicator surmounted by a fleur de lis, upper right. It includes a distance scale lower right and a distance “Scale of Poles” lower left.

Product description continues below.

Description

This map is based on the 1792 plan for Washington, D.C.  originally published by Andrew Ellicott, a surveyor and former army officer in the Revolutionary War. George Washington commissioned a survey of the city from Ellicott in 1791, which he completed with Benjamin Banneker, a free African American who was a mathematician and astronomer as well as a surveyor. Ellicott then assisted Pierre Charles L’Enfant in developing a plan for the new capital. When L’Enfant was slow to have his map engraved, the Commission in charge of the project turned it over to Ellicott to complete L’Enfant’s design, which he did, making some modifications in the process. The first version of Ellicott’s plan was engraved and published by Thakara and Valance in Philadelphia in 1792. Other larger and more detailed versions followed. The map offered here was engraved by John Russell and published in London in 1795 as part of An American Atlas.

Andrew Ellicott was an American cartographer and surveyor, known for completing the plan of Washington, D.C., begun by Pierre Charles L’Enfant, and surveying many areas west of the Appalachians. He was the son of one of the founders of a mill town that would become Ellicott City, Maryland, and served as an officer in the American Revolutionary War. Ellicott also created the plan of Erie, Pennsylvania, and completed surveys for the U.S. government to resolve border disputes. From 1813 he taught mathematics at the Military Academy at West Point.

John Russell was a British cartographer, engraver and printer. He drew and engraved maps for several major London publishers, including Dalrymple (1744-45, Guthrie’s System of Geography (1785), Symonds and Ridgeway’s An American Atlas (1795), and Burney’s Voyages (1813).

Cartouche: “Plan of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia ceded by the States of Virginia and Maryland to the United States of America, and by them established as the Seat of their Government, after the year 1800.”

“Remarks:
The Perpendicular height of the source of the Tiber Creek above the level of the Tide in the sand Creek } 236.7.3/8
The Perpendicular height of the West branch above the tide in Tiber Creek } 115.7.3/8
The Perpendicular height of the ground where the Capitol is to stand is above the tide of Tiber Creek } 78.0.0
The water of Tiber Creek may be conveyed on the high ground where the Capitol stands, and after watering that part of the City, may be destined to other useful purposes.
Reedy Branch and that of the Tiber may be conveyed to the Presidents House.”

Full publication information: “J. Russell, Sculpt Constitu. Row Grays Inn Road.”

Condition: Generally good with the usual overall light toning, wear soft creases. A few folds as issued, minor losses at intersections, and irregular horizontal crease along the entire upper portion, professionally flattened, stabilized and restored as backed on Japanese tissue. The aforementioned horizontal crease appears to have formed from a folding which caused a slight ridged cracks; it is visible but not obtrusive. Some short margins, as issued, professionally tipped in and similarly restored as rebacked.

References:

“Andrew Ellicott.” Wikipedia. 24 December 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Ellicott (28 December 2020).

“General Map of North America from the best Authorities.” University of Washington Libraries. https://digitalcollections.lib.washington.edu/digital/collection/maps/id/3/ (28 December 2020).

Ristow, Walter W. American Maps and Mapmakers: Commercial Cartography in the 19th Century. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1985.p. 153.

Additional information

Century

18th Century