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Historical Art, Indians and First Settlers, Native Americans, Antique Chart on Rollers, 1850s
Indians and First Settlers
NP, ND, but American: c. 1850s
Hand-colored engraving, varnished
Mounted on linen and rollers as issued
23 x 29 inches
24.5 x 32 inches, including rollers
A rare 19th Century illustrated educational school chart with historical and ethnographic information about the history of the settlement of North America by Europeans and their interactions with Native American tribes. Beneath the title are two semicircular vignettes illustrating scenes from the Colonial period, one of a settler dressed in buckskins who is hunting with a rifle and accompanied by a boy holding two dogs, and one of farmers clearing land. In vertical rows on each side are oval vignette illustrations of Native Americans fighting off a bear, performing a war dance, salmon fishing, and fighting frontiersmen; and portraits of Cortez, William Penn, Seminole chief Osceola (1804-1838), and Seneca chief Red Jacket (1758?-1830). At the bottom is a panoramic illustration of Native Americans on horseback hunting bison. The chart is backed with linen and mounted on rollers for hanging on the wall of a classroom.
The center of the chart contains extensive historical text. The left half has a detailed timeline of “The Progress of Discovery and Settlement in America” from “942 AD Greenland discovered and colonized by Eirck the Red” to “1849 Discovery of gold in California, and immense migration from the States.” (That it ends in 1849 suggests this chart was published in the 1850s, which is also consistent with the style of printing and illustration.) The right half has a list of “Principle Indian Tribes of North America” and a list of “South American Indians; As Classified in Prichard’s ‘Natural History of Man'” that lists the tribes with brief descriptions.
Condition: Varnished, backed on linens, on ebonized wooden rollers, all original, as issued. Generally very good overall with light toning and wear, very faint dampstain in top margin, varnish somewhat irregular with some yellowing. Still of far superior condition to most extant maps or charts on rollers of this period.