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Globe, Table, 6-Inch Diameter, Terrestrial, Capstan Stand, Schedler, Gair, New York, 1889 (Reserved)

Herman Schedler
6-Inch Terrestrial Globe on Capstan Base
Robert Gair, Brooklyn, New York: 1889
Brass stand
10 inches high, overall
Reserved

The terrestrial globe is canted at an angle on a wire rod angle arm, raised on a brass stand in the model of a ship’s capstan. The capstan is of typical form, with ship-wheel type spokes for turning, and each turn locking by a ratchet mechanism within the base like a real capstan. The cartography of the globe has a navigational theme, prominently labeling trade routes as well as ocean currents and related patches of sargassum seaweed in the Sargasso Sea in the Atlantic Ocean, and another region in the Pacific Ocean. This suggests that the capstan base might be original to the globe, having been issued to tie in with the overall maritime theme. Nonetheless, the capstan base might have been separately issued as a salesman’s sample with the globe added at a later date; no other examples of any globe mounted on a base like this are known.

Product description continues below.

Description

Oceans are olive green and geographic entities colored yellow, orange, and bright green. Geography shows countries, major cities, rivers, and mountain ranges indicated by shading. ­Ocean currents are labeled. The key beneath the cartouche titled “Explanations” shows the different dotted lines that mark steamship trade routes such as San Francisco to Honolulu and Liverpool to Melbourne and the number of days the voyage takes. ­Telegraph lines are also marked. Antarctica is labeled “South Pole” and “Antarctic Ocean”; the Antarctic coastline is partially mapped, with gaps reflecting unexplored areas at the time. The equator and the ecliptic are graduated.

Joseph Schedler (fl.1860s-1880s), founder of the Schedler firm, and his successor, Herman Schedler (fl. 1880s-1890s), were German immigrants, based in New York and Jersey City, New Jersey. They manufactured a wide variety of table, floor, and novelty globes, generally for school use, but also some designed specifically for the home “parlor” and other as novelty globes and souvenirs. E. Steiger was a New York publisher that marketed various school supplies and globes, including the full line of Schedler globes. Herman Schedler globes were published by Robert Gair of New York starting in about 1889; Gair later produced globes under his own company name probably as the successor to the Schedler family of globemakers.

Robert Gair (1853-1927) was a New York City entrepreneur and manufacturer, whose company produced paper goods, color printing, lithographing and embossing. In the 1870s, Gair invented a machine for making corrugated cardboard and patented the first machine equipment to mass-produce folding cardboard boxes. The company also manufactured and sold globes in New York from about 1889 to 1910.

Read more about the firm in our Guide to Globe Makers.

Cartouche: Current/ H. SCHEDLER’S/ TERRESTRIAL/ GLOBE/ 6 inches diameter/ Copyrighted 1889/ Mfgd. by ROBERT GAIR, New York.

Key below cartouche: Explanations./ Lines of regular Steam communicat’ around the earth./ From Europe./ To Europe./ Telegr. line around the earth./ Figures on the lines incl. days.

Condition: Generally very good with original color and varnish, now with the usual overall light toning, wear, restorations to minor abrasions. Base generally good.

References:

Descriptive Catalogue of Globes, Atlases and Maps. New York: E. Steiger, 1876.

Gannon, Devin. “How the cardboard box was accidentally invented in a NYC factory.” 6SqFt. 7 June 2018. https://www.6sqft.com/how-the-cardboard-box-was-accidentally-invented-in-a-nyc-factory/ (3 February 2020).

Schedler, Joseph. An Illustrated Manual for the Use of the Terrestrial and Celestial Globes. New York: 1875, 1877, 1887.

Steiger’s Educational Directory for 1878. New York: E. Steiger, 1878. p. 234.

Warner, Deborah Jean. “The Geography of Heaven and Earth,” Rittenhouse Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise, Vol. 2, No. 4 (1987). pp. 125-27.

Additional information

Maker Location

Maker

Globe Type

Terrestrial

Century

19th Century