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Globe, Table, 12-Inch, Terrestrial and Celestial Pair, Mahogany Stand, Antique, Loring, Boston, 1830s-40s

Josiah Loring (1775-c. 1840)
Pair of 12-inch Terrestrial and Celestial Table Globes
Boston: 1833 (Terrestrial), 1841 (Celestial)
Mahogany four-legged stands
18 inches high; 16.5 inches diameter, horizon band

Pair of terrestrial and celestial globes, each with a printed hour circle,  and set within a fully calibrated brass meridian, the horizon band with engraved paper calendar and zodiac, raised on turned mahogany stand with four legs joined by an X-form stretcher.

The terrestrial globe has cream colored oceans, geographic entities in green, pink. orange, and yellow, with broad green outlines and thin red outline. North America is divided into British America (present day Canada), the United States, and Mexico (present day Mexico and parts of the current American Southwest). Several U.S. territories are labelled.  Otherwise, from east to west numerous rivers and major cities are named. Some areas of Indian tribes are also indicted such as Snake Indians in Oregon Territory. Alaska is shown as Russian America. Antarctica is unmapped except a dot labeled “Capt. J. Weddell, R.N. reached this point 1823.” The Hawaiian Islands are called the Sandwich Islands. Tracks of the routes of various explorers are indicated. There is a figure-eight analemma in the Pacific Ocean.

Product description continues below.

Description

On the celestial globe, the constellations, including zodiac signs, are well delineated and elegantly depicted by figures of mythical beasts and scientific instruments. The stars are shown  to nine orders of magnitude, along with planetary nebulae, and many individual stars are labeled with numbers, letters, and in the case of brighter ones like Arcturus, with their names. The constellations are outlined or filled in shades of tan, green, yellow, and red. The ecliptics and equatorial line are highlighted in red.

Josiah Loring, together with his successor Gilman Joslin, were among America’s greatest globe makers. Loring began his globe business in Boston in the early 1830s. Early Loring globes were either imported from C. Smith & Sons, one of the leading British globe makers of the late Georgian period, or re-engraved versions of Smith & Sons globes. Joslin began making globes for Josiah Loring in 1837, and took over the business a few years later producing globes under the Loring name and under his own name. Joslin was joined by his son William B. Joslin in 1874 and the firm continued in operation as Gilman Joslin & Son until about 1907.

Circular Cartouche: Loring’s/ TERRESTRIAL GLOBE/ containing all/ THE LATE DISCOVERIES/ AND/ Geographical Improvements,/ also the Tracks of/ the most celebrated Circumnavigators./ Compiled from Smith’s New English Globe, with/ additions and improvements by Annin & Smith./ BOSTON/ Josiah Loring, 136 Washington St._1833.

Cartouche: LORING’S/ CELESTIAL GLOBE/ Containing all the known Stars Nebulae & c/ Compiled from the Works of/ WOLLASTON, FLAMSTED [sic.], DE LA CAILLE,/ HAVELIUS, MAYER,/ BRADLEY, HERSCHEL, MASKELYNE/ The Transactions of the/ ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of LONDON/ &c. &c./ (From Smith’s New English Globe.)/ Boston, Josiah Loring, 136 Washington St._1841.

Full publication information: 136 Washington Street, Boston.

Condition: Each generally very good with the usual toning, wear, and soiling. Each with some scattered, cracks, abrasions, losses, all professionally restored. Pair possibly assembled at a later date.

Additional information

Maker Location

Maker

Globe Type

Terrestrial

Material

Hardwood, Wood, Mahogany, Full meridian, Four-legged

Century

19th Century