The globe is comprised of 12 engraved hand-colored gores on a solid plaster core. Lines of longitude correspond to the gores, and there are fine tropic and polar circles but no lines of latitude. The very simple cartography provides the prominent continent and ocean names, no national boundaries, but some nation and city names. Australia is called “New Holland.” The Hawaiian Islands are called the “Sandwich Islands.” The Amazon River is pictured and labeled. The Antarctic continent is not shown with the polar region there simply labeled “South Pole.” Oceans are ivory colored; the continents are uncolored with the exception of North and South America, colored pale green, but all are outlined in green, yellow, red, blue, or orange.
This globe was intended as an educational toy for students, mostly likely to be used with the family as a parlor game at home. The globe’s simple geographical features were intended to teach relative cartography on a sphere, and the fold-out engraving to show the diversity of peoples of the world and their native dress. It is one among a number of versions of such globes by German globes makers — generally attributed to the Bauer family — produced for the English and Continental markets.
Johann Bernard Bauer (1752-1839) and his sons Carl Johann Sigmund Bauer (1780-1857) and Peter Bauer (1783-1847) were scientific instrument makers, globe makers and engravers in Nuremberg. Between them, the Bauer family produced a variety of globes, including miniatures for the educational market. Carl Bauer is also known for packaging a miniature globe in a box with inserted folding engravings of the peoples of the world as a set called The Earth and its Inhabitants. Versions for the English, German, and French markets survive, with variations in the number and style of engravings as well as in the designs of the boxes and illustrations on the box lids. On some examples, the box lid has the makers mark MCB with the letters “C” and “B” in between the serifs of the letter M (probably meaning Marke Carl Bauer, that is, Carl Bauer Brand). Some example have the globe with the makers initials CB (Carl Bauer) in the cartouche. On other examples the globe and/or the box are not marked at all.
For more information on Carl Johann Sigmund Bauer please see our Guide to Globe Makers.
The heyday of the pocket globe was Georgian period England, from the early 18th century to about 1840, where they were mainly made as novelty items for English aristocrats interested in geography and astronomy. Read more about the history and development of pocket globes.
Condition: Globe, folding print, and box each generally very good with the usual overall light toning, handling, wear, scattered discolorations. Foldout peoples of the world engraving formerly attached to inside of box.
Allmayer-Beck, Peter E., ed. Modelle der Welt: Erd-und Himmelsgloben — Kulturerbe aus oesterreichischen Sammlungen [Models Of The World: Terrestrial And Celestial Globes — Cultural Inheritance from Austrian Collections] Vienna: Bibliophile Edition/Christian Brandstaetter Verlagsgesellschaft, 1997. p. 171.
Dahl, Edward H. and Gauvin, Jean-François. Sphaerae Mundi: Early Globes at the Stewart Museum. Canada: Septentrion and McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000. pp. 98-99. (Related globe in Stewart Museum, same box and engraving, attributed to Bauer family.)
Dekker, Elly, et al. Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Globes and Armillary Spheres in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. London: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum, 1999. pp. 273-75. (Re: Bauer family, esp. Johann.)
Dekker, Elly and van der Krogt, Peter. Globes from the Western World. London: Zwemmer, 1993. p. 98. (Illustrates similar globe, initialled “C.B.” from the Universeitmuseum at Utrecht. Engraving apparently identical except only German titles, box in German and has different lid.)
Lamb, Tom and Collins, Jeremy. The World in Your Hands: An Exhibition of Globes and Planetaria. London: Christie’s, 1994. p. 92. (Re: Peter Bauer.)
Sumira, Sylvia. Globes: 400 Years of Exploration, Navigation and Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. 47. (Related globe in British Library, with different box label and titled “The Earth and itz [sic] Inhabitants,” attributed to Bauer family.)