The globe is in tones of cream and olive with some outlining of geographical entities in red, green and olive. Mountain ranges are shaded. In the United States, state boundaries are not delineated and with the exception of Florida, cities and rivers, but not states, are labeled East of the Mississippi. West of the Mississippi, present day Oklahoma is labeled “Indian T’y,” and the area between the Rocky Mountains and Minnesota is labeled “Blackfoot Ind.” and “Dacota.” The location of New Mexico Territory north of Arizona Territory reflects their boundaries between 1863 and 1866. Other labeled territories include Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Texas, Washington, Oregon, Nevada and Utah, but not Wyoming, which was formed in 1868. This geography further supports a date of manufacture between 1863 and 1866.
George Frederick Cruchley (1796-1880) was an engraver and map and globe maker in London. He began his long career as an apprentice to the mapmaker Aaron Arrowsmith and opened his own firm in 1823, acquiring and updating some of Arrowsmith’s engraved plates. Although his primary business was as a map seller and publisher, he also offered general engraving services and surveying. He published popular maps of London and environs and travel maps and guides to the British Isles and European countries. Around 1844 -1850, he purchased the map and globe gore plates of the celebrated Cary family of globe makers, which was was founded by John Cary (c. 1754-1835), a map engraver and seller. John Cary and his brother William, a specialist in scientific instruments, produced some of the greatest late Georgian globes under the name J. & W. Cary. According to authors Collins and Lamb “John Cary in partnership with his brother William were one of the foremost London map and globe sellers of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. They built up a thriving and prosperous business, both as instrument makers and map publishers.” John Cary moved his business to 86 St. James’s Street in about 1820, leaving his premises at 181 Strand to his sons George (c. 1788-1859) and John Jr. (1791 – 1852). The sons produced a variety of globes under the name G. & J. Cary from 1821 to about 1850. Then, Cruchley, as successor, continued to produce maps and globes under the Cary name, as well as under his own name, until about 1876.
Cartouche: CRUCHLEY’S/ NEW/ TERRESTRIAL GLOBE/ From the most recent Authorities,/ EXHIBITING THE DISCOVERIES AND EQUATORIAL/ AFRICA, NORTH POLE,/ AND the new SETTLEMENTS & Divisions of/ AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND,/ CALIFORNIA, TEXAS, &c./ LONDON/ C.F. CRUCHLEY, MAP-SELLER, GLOBE MAKER & PUBLISHER/ 81, FLEET STREET/
Compass Signed: J. & W. CARY/ STRAND LONDON
Dekker, Elly and Peter van der Krogt.Globes from the Western World. London: Zwemmer, 1993.
Fordham, Sir Herbert George. John Cary, Engraver, Map, Chart and Print-Seller and Globe-Maker. Cambridge University Press, 1925. Reprinted Kent, England: Wm. Dawsons & Sons, 1976.
Lamb, Tom and Jeremy P. Collins, eds. The World In Your Hands. London: Christie’s, 1994.