Geographical entities are in tones of in tones of green, pink, blue and yellow, some outlined in red, and with continents and some islands in heavy green outline. Oceans are cream color. Mountain ranges are shaded. The Transatlantic cable is shown by a continuous black line between Ireland and Newfoundland. The Meridian of Greenwich is shown in addition to the Equator, the Ecliptic and a figure-eight analemma. Large areas of the interior of Africa are unexplored and left blank, as is most of the coastline of Antarctica. Various keys, information, and the maker’s name are printed on the horizon band rather than directly on the globe.
In the continental U.S., the northern Midwest and West reflects boundaries of Idaho Territory in 1863. The following year, parts of Idaho Territory were ceded to Montana Territory and Dakota Territory. The boundaries of the other states and territories are also consistent with the 1863 date. The regions of many Native American tribes are labeled including “Black Feet,” “Nezperces,” “Shoshones,” “Arickarees” and “Pawnees.” Alaska is called “Russian America,” as it was known prior to 1867.
This and related 16-inch globes were originally copyrighted by Charles Copley, a map and globe publisher and engraver working in Brooklyn, New York. From the 1860s to the turn of the century, Copley’s globes were revised and reissued by the prominent American globe makers Gilman Joslin and by the Franklin group of globe makers. Joslin issued the 16-inch terrestrial and celestial globes on a variety of stands including a low rococo iron table stand, a four-legged turned table stand, an elaborate rococo cast iron floor stand (as offered here), an ebonized aesthetic movement tripod floor stand with circular turned legs, and an on a spun brass floor stand with lion mask decorations. Read more about these firms in our Guide to Globe Makers: Copley and Joslin.
Selected Printed Makers Information on Horizon Band:
COPLEY’S IMPROVED GLOBE, BOSTON.
MANUFACTURED BY GILMAN JOSLIN./ CORRECTED TO DATE.
Entered according to the Act of Congress in the year 1852, by Charles Copley in the Clerks office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.
Condition: Globe recently professionally cleaned and revarnished, also restoring various small scattered abrasions and cracks, with the usual remaining toning, wear, handling, faint scattered pale discoloration patches. Iron stand very good. Later facsimile paper horizon and calendar band applied to horizon ring.
“Blunt (New York).” Smithsonian National Museum of American History. http://amhistory.si.edu/navigation/maker.cfm?makerid=5 (1 August 2014).
Dekker, Elly and van der Krogt, Peter. Globes from the Western World. London: Zwemmer, 1993. pp. 126, 140, 176.
“E. & G.W. Blunt Octant.” Smithsonian National Museum of American History. http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/navigation/object.cfm?recordnumber=1167872 (25 June 2009).
Guthorn, Peter J. United States Coastal Charts: 1738-1861. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Books, 1984. p. 65.
How to Use a Globe, Joslin’s Terrestrial and Celestial Globes/ Joslin’s Hand-book to the Terrestrial and Celestial Globes. Gilman Joslin & Son, Manufacturers and Dealers, 5 Mt. Vernon Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts: [n.d., but c. 1890], pp. 3-4.
Warner, Deborah Jean. “The Geography of Heaven and Earth,” Rittenhouse Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise, Vol. 2, No. 3. 1987. pp. 100-103.
Yonge, Ena L. A Catalogue of Early Globes, Library Series No. 6. American Geographical Society: 1968. pp. 37-38.