Lively engraving depicting the triumphal departure of Charles II of Scotland from the Netherlands on his way back to England to reclaim the British throne after 11 years in exile abroad. A crowd has gathered at the harbor of Scheveningen to see him off. In the sky are winged gods and putti holding crowns and the seal of Great Britain, beneath a ribbon bearing the Latin motto, “Quo fas et fata nos vocant” (“where duty and the fates call”). The engraving is one of six originally published in an account of Charles’s journey from Breda to Scheveningen from May 25 to June 2, 1660, with stops along the way to meet with the Dutch monarch and address the Parliament.
King Charles I’s (1600-1649) mismanagement of religious and economic affairs in England and Scotland forced a showdown with the English Parliament, which culminated in civil war and the king’s execution on January 30, 1649. His son, Charles II of Scotland, tried to reclaim the throne in 1651. When his forces were defeated by the English army, he escaped to exile in France, and after an 11-year period in which no monarch ruled England, he was asked by Parliament to return. In 1660 he became king.
Adriaen van de Venne was a Dutch painter, draftsman and poet. Largely self-taught, his early influences were the Flemish artists Jan Brueghel the Elder and Pieter Brueghel the Elder. He developed a distinctive style based on Dutch idioms, and was a sought-after book illustrator by Holland’s leading writers, helping to popularize the “emblem book” in which pictures illustrated sayings to present moral lessons. He also was known for his prints and grisaille paintings. After moving to The Hague in 1625, he was probably employed at court, and became dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1640.
Pierre Philippe was a Dutch engraver who lived in The Hague. He is best known for his illustrations for a two-volume edition of the works of Ovid, published in Leiden in 1662, and for Guarini’s Pastor Fido in 1663.
Full title of original work for which this engraving was made: Verhael in forme van Journael, van de reys ende ‘t vertoeven van den seer doorluchtige ende machtige prins Carel de II, Koning van Groot Britannien.
Condition: Recently professionally cleaned, deacidified, and flattened, with only minor remaining toning, soft creases, and signs of wear. Some printers creases, as issued.
“Adriaen van de Venne.” J. Paul Getty Museum. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artMakerDetails?maker=550&page=1 (6 October 2011).
Bénézit, E. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. France: Librairie Gründ, 1966. Vol. 6, p. 646 (Philippe).
“Charles I.” Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom (from 1603). http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page76.asp (23 April 2002).
nLandwehr, J. Splendid Ceremonies: State Entries and Royal Funerals in the Low Countries, 1515-1791. Nieuwkoop: Hes & De Graaf, 1971. 126.