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Advertising Art, New York City, Union Square Theatre: The Danicheffs, Antique Print, Late 19th Century


J.E. Baker (after)
Union Square Theatre: The Danicheffs
Armstrong & Co., Boston: c. 1877-78
Signed in the plate: J.E. Baker
17 x 24 inches, image
22 x 27.5 inches, overall

Theatre poster advertising the play The Danicheffs, a family melodrama set in Russia, which opened in February 1877 at the Union Square Theatre. A dramatic scene is illustrated: inside an elegantly appointed Gothic room, a girl with long braids kneels with hands clasped, pleading with the Countess Danicheff, an imperious older woman, as two maids, a man and a Russian Orthodox cleric wearing a large crucifix look on. In the play, the countess’s son, Vladimir, wants to marry a serf girl named Anna, who is probably the kneeling girl in the poster. The countess contrives to break up the romance by forcing her to marry another servant, and is thwarted in the end.


The Union Square Theatre was built in 1870 in New York City, and quickly becoming the leading stock theater company in the city. The theatre was demolished in 1936. The Danicheffs was written in French by Alexandre Dumas the younger and Pierre de Corvin, who used the pseudonym Pierre Newsky. The English translation premiered at the Union Square Theatre in 1877 and was revived there in 1878. These productions featured well-known actors and actresses of the day.

J.E. Baker was likely Joseph E. Baker, a lithographer and pencil portraitist. He apprenticed in Bufford’s lithography firm in Boston with Winslow Homer in 1857. He was working in New York City from the 1860s.

Armstrong & Co. was a lithography firm founded by Charles Armstrong, which operated in Boston and New York in the 1870s. They produced separately issued prints, views and portraits, some as premiums for subscribers to the Atlantic Monthly.

Full publication information: Armstrong & Co. Lith. 1 Somerset St. Boston and Riverside Press, Cambridge.

Condition: Generally good with the usual overall light toning, soiling, and wear. Few short tears, two into the title, professionally restored as backed on Japanese paper.


Bordman, Gerald Martin. American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama, 1869-1914. U.S.: Oxford University Press, 1994. p. 105.

Groce, George C. and Wallace, David H. The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1564-1860. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969. p. 22 (Baker).

Peters, Harry T. America on Stone. U.S.: Doubleday, Doran, 1931. p. 80 (Armstrong).

Additional information


19th Century