This item is sold. It has been placed here in our online archives as a service for researchers and collectors.
The terrestrial globe with engraved hand-colored gores, set within a turned mahogany box (as issued), the domed acorn-form lid lifting off to reveal the globe turning on polar axis pins in the lower cylindrical section. Geographic entities are faintly colored in red, green, and blue with thick, boldly colored outlines. Oceans are colored green. The routes of Captain Cook's third voyage, and the route taken by "Clarke [sic.] & Gore" (Captains Charles Clerke and John Gore) who completed the voyage in 1779 after Cook was killed in Hawaii, are indicated. California is shown as a peninsula. The Sahara is called "Great Desert" and indicated with dot pattern. The Antarctic region is shown without cartography.
An identical globe, without the mahogany box, is in the collection of the National Maritime Museum in Britain and pictured in Dekker, Globes at Greenwich. Their example is part of an orrery published c. 1850. In the book are illustrated two 3-inch Newton pocket globes, dated "after 1833" and c. 1860 respectively, shown with mahogany cases of the same design, but larger to accommodate the larger globes.
Newton & Son was operated from 1841 to 1883 by descendants of the British globe maker John Newton, who started making globes in the late 18th Century. For more information about the Newton family of globemakers, see our Guide to Globe Makers.
The heyday of the pocket globe was Georgian period England, from the early 18th century to about 1840, where they were mainly made as novelty items for English aristocrats interested in geography and astronomy. Read more about the history and development of pocket globes.
Cartouche: NEWTON/ & SON’S/ New/Terrestrial/ Globe
Dekker, Elly, et al. Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Globes and Armillary Spheres in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. London: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum, 1999. pp. 55, 422-423, 427-428.
"James Cook." Wikipedia. 4 July 2011. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Cook#Third_voyage_.281776.E2.80.9379.29_and_death (7 July 2011).