George Brookshaw, Pomona Britannica
Folio Edition, London 1804-12

George Brookshaw (b. 1753)
Selection of Fruit Prints
from Pomona Britannica; Or, a collection of the most esteemed fruits at present cultivated in this country...selected principally from the Royal Gardens at Hampton Court
Bensley and Son for Longmans, Hurst, Rees, Orne, and Brown, London: 1817
T. Bensley, London (printer)
White, Cochrane & Co., E. Lloyd and W. Lindsell, London: [1804-] 1812
Plates watermarked 1802-1822
Folio edition
Stipple engravings, printed in color, finished by hand
17.5 x 14 inches, plate mark, average approximate
22 x 17 inches, overall, average approximate
$1,900 each

See also prints from the quarto edition.

Brookshaw's Pomona Britannica is widely considered the finest English color plate natural history study of fruit. Intended to accurately record the best available varieties and encourage their cultivation, it was first published in 1804-1812 in a large folio version containing 90 plates of 256 varieties, and then in a smaller quarto format in 1816 and 1817 that contained 60 plates of 174 varieties.  Both versions feature fruit then grown in and around London, especially at the Royal Gardens at Hampton Court. Varieties include tree fruits such as apples, peaches, cherries, plums, and figs as well as pineapples, melons, berries and grapes.

Both the folio and quarto editions of Brookshaw maintained a high quality of printing, employing the color-printed stipple method, which approximates the supple colorations, tones and textures achieved with watercolor painting.  However, the folio version and the quarto version differ in various respects besides size. The folio illustrations are somewhat bolder, against dark brown backgrounds that accentuate the fruit as it seems to “jump off the page.” In contrast, the quarto edition prints are more spare and delicate against light backgrounds. Another difference is that the folio includes melons on ledges and pineapples, while the quarto does not. It may be posited that the style of the quarto plates are related to Brookshaw's other vocations as an author of drawing instruction books and designer of painted furniture. Perhaps they were intended to serve as illustrations that would lend themselves to copying in watercolor for drawing practice or as models for decorative arts designers.

George Brookshaw was born in Birmingham, England, and early in his career taught the art of watercolor. He set up a business as a cabinet maker about 1777 and created designs for English neoclassical furniture, which are still highly prized by contemporary collectors. He supplied his painted furniture to an aristocratic and fashionable clientele until the 1790s, but after 1795 he abandoned cabinet making. Later he became a botanical artist, producing the lavish folio treatise Pomona Britannica (1804-12), depicting 256 varieties of fruit grown in Britain, many of them drawn from specimens in the Royal Gardens at Hampton Court. A smaller quarto edition of this work was issued in 1817.  Brookshaw also published A New Treatise on Flower Painting; or Every Lady her own Drawing Master and two companion volumes on painting birds and fruit.  He stated that these instructional manuals presented a method of painting that was so effective that he himself could not tell his pupils' copies from his own work.

Publication legend lower center: "Painted & Published as the Act Directs by the Author G. Brookshaw” followed by date, varying from 1804 to 1812.

Title page credits: "Printed for the author by T. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street. Published by White, Cochrane and Co. Fleet Street; E. Lloyd, Harley Street; and W. Linsell, Corner of Wigmore Street."

Condition: Generally very good, the colors fairly bright and clear, with the usual overall light toning, wear, soiling, soft creases.  Some occasional very minor pale light foxing and spotting, not obtrusive. Two of the offered examples are slightly later print strikes on 1822 watermarked paper.


Blunt, Wilfred, rev. by Stearn, William T. The Art of Botanical Illustration. Woodbridge, Suffolk, England: Antique Collectors Club, 1994. p. 256.

Dunthorne, Gordon. Flower and Fruit Prints of the 18th and Early 19th Centuries. Their History, Makers and Uses, with a Catalogue Raisonne of the Works in Which They are Found. Washington, D.C.: Published by the Author, 1938. 50 and 52.

Henrey, Blanche. British botanical and horticultural literature before 1800. 3 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1975. Vol. 3, 519.

MacKay, Ian. "The Brookshaw I Never Saw." Maine Antiques Digest. August 2001.

Nissen, Claus. Die Botanische Buchillustration: ihre Geschichte und Bibliographie. Stuttgart:1951-66. 244-46.

Raphael, Sandra. An Oak Spring Pomona. A Selection of the Rare Books on Fruit in the Oak Spring Garden Library. Upperville, VA: Oak Spring Garden Library; New Haven: Distributed by Yale University Press, 1990. 40a and 40b.

Sitwell, Sacheverell. Great Flower Books, 1700-1900. New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1990. p. 52.

Wood, Lucy. "George Brookshaw. The Case of the Vanishing Cabinet-maker." Apollo. May 1991.

title plate fruit watermark platemark overall price fullimage tn
Plate XC [Apples: Striped Holland Pippin, Marygold Apple, Sullenworth's Rennet Apple and Beauty of Kent] 90 Apples II S&S 1822 16.75 x 13.75 inches 21.75 x 17.25 inches plate90.jpg plate90-2.jpg
Plate XCIII [Apples: French Crab, Minshall Crab, Cockage Apple and Red Streack] 93 Apples 1822 18 x 14 inches 22 x 17.25 inches plate93.jpg plate93-2.jpg
Plate XXXI [Peaches: Gallande, La Teton de Venus and Noblesse Peach] 31 Peaches E&P 1802 18.75 x 14.75 22.25 x 17.5 inches plate31.jpg plate31-2.jpg
Plate LXXX [Pears: Chaumontelle, Windsor and Summer bon Chretien] 80 Pears
E&P 1804 17.5 x 13.75 inches 22 x 17.75 inches Sold plate80.jpg plate80-2.jpg
Plate LXIII [White Sweet Water Grapes] 63 White Grapes none 17.5 x 13.75 inches 22.5 x 17.5 inches plate63.jpg plate63-2.jpg
Search and Site Maps Globes and Planetaria Home Prints and Art How to Order Decorative Arts About Our New York Gallery Features and News Maps and Celestials George Glazer Gallery Home Page Home Decor, Gifts and Collecting