Pictorial map of the fictional Land of Oz, setting for a series of 14 children’s books by L. Frank Baum. The map was separately issued by Reilly & Lee Co. a Chicago publisher for most of Baum’s Oz books. It is not known if the map was produced generally for sale, or as a marketing promotion for the books.
According to Baum’s conception, Oz is divided into four countries surrounded by desert: Munchkin Country, Winkie Country, Quadling Country and Gillikin Country. This map predates The Wizard of Oz movie starring Judy Garland, which was made in 1939, and is meant to accompany the books. Although the map shows Oz more broadly than the movie, it has a marker in Munchkin Country “where Dorothy’s house fell” and shows the “Road of Yellow Brick” -- colored yellow, of course -- leading in a straight line to the Emerald City, a gray region in the center. The Wicked Witch of the West’s domain is noted in Winkie Country, and the Palace of Glinda the Good is in Gillikin Country, near the cartouche lower center. The border is made up of a black band with small cartoonish illustrations of featured characters such as Dorothy, Aunt Em, and Cowardly Lion. Numerous other whimsically-named geographical features and characters pertain only to the books, such as the land of Oogaboo in the upper right corner; locations such as Flutterbudget and the College of Prof. Wogglebug; and characters named Polychrome, Quok, and Pigasus (a winged pig).
The first published map of Oz was printed in the endpapers of Tik-Tok of Oz (1914) and contains a cartographic curiosity: Winkie Country where the Wicked Witch of the West lives, is in the east. There are various theories to explain this. For example, some speculate that Baum’s original map was a glass slide created for a traveling lantern show that followed the convention of placing west to the left, but that when this map was copied for the book, it was viewed from the wrong side of the glass side, and thus reversed. This discrepancy was at first resolved by drawing the compass rose with east on the left. On later maps, such as the offered 1932 example, the compass rose is reversed back to normal, apparently inconsistent with the eastern placement of Winkie Country.
L. Frank Baum (1856-1919) was an American author best known for his beloved Wizard of Oz series of books, beginning with The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). His fourteenth Oz book was published posthumously in 1920, but the series continued with several more books by other authors after Baum’s death.
Gjovaag, Eric. “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz List of Frequently Asked Questions.” Wizard of Oz. http://thewizardofoz.info/faq04.html#5 (24 June 2008).