America - Ethnic Diversity Pictorial Map
United States, 1940

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America Nation of One
America Nation of One America Nation of One
America Nation of One America Nation of One
America Nation of One America Nation of One
Emma Bourne (after)
Council for American Unity, 79 Madison Avenue, New York (issuer)
America – A Nation of One People from Many Countries
The Council Against Intolerance in America: 1940
Color offset print
34 x 52.25 inches, printed border
35 x 53.25 inches, overall
Sold, please inquire as to the availability of similar items.

Large poster-sized pictorial map of the United States depicting the great ethnic and religious diversity throughout the nation, illustrated with people at work amidst famous buildings, factories, the country’s cotton and corn fields, livestock, oil wells, apple and citrus orchards, and ore mines. Long red ribbons wind across the landscape showing settlement clusters of various ethnic groups. There are two inset lists of nationalities pointing to the densely populated areas of New York City and Detroit, showing the diverse ancestry resulting from their having served as an open door to immigrants and the cradle of American industry, respectively. The map was issued and published by organizations that advocated tolerance in a culturally diverse society.

The key identifies Americans from “Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Russia, Holland, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Latvia, German, Belgium, Puerto Rico, Palestine, Albania, Poland, Greece, Canada, Jugoslavia [sic.], Portugal, France, Syria, Sweden, Denmark, Spain, Rumania, West Indies, China, Negroes, Italy, Hungary, Lithuania, South & Central America” along with symbols representing the religions associated with them: Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or Eastern Orthodox. Also listed are the populations of major religious groups.

A large inset scroll, lower left, lists famous names under the headings Literature, Science, Industry, and The Arts, with their professions and ethnicities, such as George Gershwin (Russia) and Albert Einstein (Germany). A large illustration of the head of a Native American off the coast of Florida bears the caption, “With the exception of the Indian all Americans or their forefathers came here from other countries. This map shows where they live, what they do, and what their religion is.”

The Common Council for American Unity (CCAU) was an organization founded in 1939 to advocate against prejudice and discrimination on the basis of ethnicity. The CCAU succeeded the Foreign Language Information Service (FLIS), which had formed in 1921 to counter the anti-immigrant attitudes that became prevalent in the U.S. during the 1920s. The FLIS encouraged immigrants to take pride in their traditions and also provided social services related to health care and employment. Under the leadership of author and scholar Louis Adamic, the CCAU expanded the mission of the FLIS to encompass not only European immigrants, but African-Americans, Latinos and Asians. They released information to the foreign language press, operated a radio service, published Common Ground, and worked with the government to help with activities such as alien registration and foreign language publicity. In 1959, the CCAU merged with the American Federation of International Institutes to form the American Council for Nationalities Services, which continues to the present day.

The Council Against Intolerance in America was founded by James Waterman Wise with the mission of "combating prejudice by calling attention to American ideals, heroes, and traditions," by producing publications that promoted the ideals of tolerance and unity.

References:

"Guide to the Alexander Alland Photograph Collection 1885-1905, 1940 ." New York Historical Society. 2001. http://dlib.nyu.edu:8083/nyhsead/servlet/SaxonServlet?source=/alland.xml&style=/saxon01n2002.xsl&part=body (27 October 2005).

"Immigration and Refugee Services of America (IRSA), Records." Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota. http://www.ihrc.umn.edu/research/vitrage/all/im/ihrc1013.html (27 October 2005).

Lasby, Clarence B. "A few excerpts of the book Project Paperclip." Originally published 1971. http://www.maebrussell.com/Project%20Paperclip/Project%20Paperclip.html (27 October 2005).

"Records of the American Council for Nationalities Service, 1921–1971 ." Lexis Nexis Research Collections in American Immigration. 2005. http://www.lexisnexis.com/academic/2upa/Ai/AmericanCouncilNationalitiesService.asp (27 October 2005).